1. Don't fail to prepare the surface
2. Don't fail to have everything
3. Don't let gold leaf come in contact
with anything oily before use.
4. Don't let the tip touch the wet
5. Don't use water size either too weak
or too strong. Too weak a water size will not allow
"washing." and the gold will come off. Too
strong water size will produce a "cloudiness"
which will prevent getting a good burnish. Don't use
water size left from yesterday make fresh size each day.
6. In glass gilding, don't let the size
dry on the glass: it will streak and spot the gold. Keep
the glass thoroughly wet with size until all the gold
leaf is laid.
7. Don't let size run down over the
part of the glass that has been gilded.
8. Make sure your burnishing cotton is
soft and free from any foreign matter: a small piece of
grit or anything hard will scratch the gold and ruin the
job. Hospital cotton, while slightly more expensive, is
entirely free from all foreign particles.
9. Don't try to gild at temperatures
near or below freezing.
10. Don't try to gild a window when it
is sweaty or steamy. Frost. sweat, or steam will
completely destroy the adhesive properties of water size
and the gold will come off when you try to burnish it.
11. Don't use much thinner in your
backing-up color: use as little as possible. Thinner
tends to "flat" the color and make it brittle
and easily chipped. This is particularly important when
using Damar or other varnishes. Thinner destroys the
(elasticity of the varnish and when the glass contracts
or expands, the letters are apt to chip and peel.
12. Don't use a quick-drying backing of
any kind over Darmar varnish. While Damar "sets
up" very quickly, it really dries very, very slowly.
It a quick-drying backing is used, it may crack the mat
13. Don't do more than three or tour
letters at a time when using Damar varnish for stippling.
Darmar "sets up" very quickly and if it gets
too hard, it will not stipple well.
14. Don't use a "quick" size
if the job you are doing will permit the use of a
"slow" size. The latter will give better
results in every respect. The slower the size, the better
15. Don't wait to finish laying leaf
before burnishing. when using quick size, or you may find
the gold wrinkling. It is much better to burnish almost
as soon as you gild.
16. Don't fail to brush out slow size
evenly. If it is too thick in spots, it will break
through the gold when you try to burnish.
17. In surface gilding, don't try to
lay the gold before the size has reached the proper
"tack." It will drown the gold and kill the
18. Don't expect to get a good job with
anything but the best gold leaf. 19. Don't use silver
leaf except for glass work, it will tarnish. Use aluminum
leaf instead. However, use aluminum leaf for mat centers.
HOW TO USE A GILDING WHEEL
1. Loosen thumb screw, remove side
plate from unit. Place roll of Gold Leaf on pin nearest
handle so that tissue wilt unwind from lower part of
roll. As shown In Illustration.
2. Place corresponding size wood roll
on lower pin. Unwind tissue until gold is exposed.
Replace side plate, tightening thumb screw. Wet wood roll
slightly to stick tissue to top of wood roll. Exposed
gold will now roll across top of lower roll. The empty
paper winds around wood roll as fast as the Gold Leaf is
stripped from it. Bear down lightly with an even pressure
upon the surface you are gilding, and do not tip the
machine to one side or the other (or some of the gold
won't leave the paper)
3. If the paper does not wind evenly on
the wood roll and runs off on one side be sure to adjust
it before going ahead with your work. If very bad remove
paper from lower roll and start over again.
4. If the Gold Leaf should stick to the
wrong side of the tissue, blow it down onto the right
side and it will run properly.
5. When gilding with Composition or
Aluminum gild sooner as a stronger tack is necessary than
for XX Deep Gold leaf